Estimating the efficacy of screening by auditing smear histories of women with and without cervical cancer. By studying the effect of screening in smaller age groups, we have shown that the efficacy of screening decreases with decreasing age, even within the age range In an analysis of cancers diagnosed between ages Because cervical cancer generally develops slowly and has a readily detectable and treatable precursor condition severe dysplasiait can be prevented through screening and treating Cervical cancer research papers at risk.
The cancerous cells are only in the cervix, and have not spread or grown in the deep part of the cervix. View inline Discussion This study confirms our previous findings that cervical screening in women aged is less effective than in older women.
All of approaches have been presented with huge obstacles. For the observed difference in the benefit of screening at different ages to be caused by confounding, however, there would have to be differences in the way confounders affect the results at different ages. The cytological screening turned out effective also for adenocarcinoma: Within the Hispanic community, the rate of cervical cancer is twice the rate of all the other communities and has become the leading cause of death for Hispanic women.
Women who are sexually active too early, smoke or has a significant exposure to passive smoke, have low-term menstrual stress, have genital herpes, give birth at a young age, have had several pregnancies three or morehave alcohol consumption at the time of take part in vaginal intercourse and take birth control pills are at high risk of cervical cancer.
The vaginal hysterectomy removes the uterus and the cervix through the vagina Bedford, Although it is not as common as other types of cancer, it is still a significant challenge to the healthcare system.
Although an inexpensive, accurate HPV test is not yet available, there is continuous research on various tests and HPV screening could become a viable option within the next several years 3. By contrast, where screening is not offered to women agedthe lack of evidence of any benefit from screening in this age group dictates that the policy should not change.
As the proportion of cancers that are stage IA or screen detected stage IB is greater in young women, the bias is particularly strong in young women. Cervical cancer is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the human papillomavirus, or HPV.
If the smear test that led to diagnosis is within six months of diagnosis she will be classed as unscreened.
A case-control study in New South Wales, Australia, found that screening every two years seemed to be more protective in women over the age of 30 than in those aged If the association observed in several studies 21 22 is causal then screening might do serious harm, but the association might simply be because of confounding.
It also damages the DNA inside the tumor cells, which causes them not to reproduce. To diagnose cervical cancer, healthcare professionals use a Pap test as it tests for the malignant neoplasm, which show positive when in plenty Parker, Evaluation of screening for cervical cancer in Sweden: Many of the commonly accepted risk factors for cervical cancer, including history of sexually transmitted diseases STDs and history of multiple sex partners or a partner with multiple sexual partnersare probably indicators of HPV infection.
Is it rational to start population-based cervical cancer screening at or soon after age 20?
Stage II cancer occurs when the tumor s have extended beyond the cervix, but not as far as the pelvic wall. Several alternative approaches to cervical cancer screening have been proposed and are being researched.Conclusions Cervical screening in women aged has little or no impact on rates of invasive cervical cancer up to age Some uncertainly still exists regarding its impact on advanced stage tumours in women under age By contrast, screening older women leads to a substantial reduction in incidence of and mortality from cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer goes through these stages once it has been identified. These examinations are recommended for the clinical staging: palpation, inspection, endocervical curettage (pap), hysteroscopy, cytoscopy, procoscopy, intravenous urography, and x-ray examinations of the lung and skeleton.4/4(1).
To diagnose cervical cancer, healthcare professionals use a Pap test as it tests for the malignant neoplasm, which show positive when in plenty (Parker, ).
Like the other forms of cancer, cervical. Cervical cancer is the second foremost occurring cancer in women after breast cancer. Cervical cancer is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the human papillomavirus, or HPV.
Infection by HPV typically occurs in the early years of sexual activity according to the World Health Organization (WHO), but it can take up to a full twenty years for it to develop into a full-blown malignant tumor.5/5(1).
Below is an essay on "Cervical Cancer" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. INTRODUCTION Based on the statistics from the World Health Organisation (WHO), more thanwomen worldwide die due to cervical cancer each year and at least 4, women in the USA die from this disease/5(1).
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