It has been estimated that up to 40 million civilians died in the war; about 25 million of those were in Europe.
The Battle of El Alamein was pivotal. Over 1 million men were dead, 4 million wounded, and 3 million captured. It was the greatest invasion in history. Bythe Red Army had crossed into Germany. End of the Conflict Britain retaliated with its own bombing campaign from We will study this in more depth in class.
Military deaths were about 25 million total. This gave both countries some breathing space, and shocked Britain and France. It fell in five weeks, thanks to German blitzkrieg tactics. Britain, under General Montgomery, needed a win to save morale and her supply routes.
By December, when the invasion ground to a halt, the Germans were only 25km from Moscow. Nuremberg The leading Nazis were arrested and tried in the first War Crimes trials in history.
It allowed them to test their newly-built hardware, and again revealed the lack of will in Britain and France. Nazi-Soviet Pact ByHitler was ready for war. Stalin was also unready for war, after recently purging the Red Army. The Russians and Americans met on the Elbe River.
This was called the Phoney War, or sitzkrieg. The aim was to terrorise civilians and destroy German production. Stalingrad Paulus was ordered to take the city at any cost. The democracies wished to avoid another European war, so they attempted to deal with Italian and German expansion through this policy.
Hitler never again regained the initiative against the USSR. Hitler, Himmler and Goebbels had taken their own lives; only Goering, Hess, Ribbentrop, Speer, and 17 lesser Nazis were to face trial for their crimes.
Dictatorships In the s and 30s, many European nations moved from democratic governments to dictatorships. Zhukov was ordered to defend it in the same way. Despite their differences, the two nations signed a non-aggression pact in August This was the Battle of Britain, July-Oct Paulus could have broken out, but Hitler ordered him to hold, to the last bullet.
It had the effect of emboldening the fascists, and making them even greedier for territory. Appeasement is the policy of settling disputes through negotiation, without resorting to armed force. Hitler wanted to capture the Suez Canal in Egypt, to prevent Allied supplies from reaching the desperate British.
Britain was not strong enough to liberate Europe, but could fight the Axis on equal terms in Egypt.Russia was not ready for war in the s - industrialisation was fragile due to Stalin's overhaul of the industry, military was purged in (35, officers killed or imprisoned). Agreement between two nations was a surprise to the global community, particularly given.
International Studies in Peace and Conflict Conflict in Europe Dr Michael Molkentin •Affected different parts of Europe to varying extents and in different ways. 4. The end of the conflict during the European war.
() Strategies –assess their. Awesome 10 page dot-point summary of Conflict in Europe for the HSC Modern History syllabus, starting with growth of European tensions and dictatorships in Italy/Germany, and ending with The Nuremberg War Crimes Trials. and issues in the historyyp of the conflict in Europe • Essay questions for the Trial and HSC Examinations willEssay questions for the Trial and HSC Examinations will be drawn from the list of key features and issues, not the content list.
• Key features and issues: •.
HSC MODERN HISTORY INTERNATIONAL STUDIES IN PEACE AND CONFLICT Conflict in Europe 2 Ken Webb, Conflict in EuropeGet Smart Education, Second Edition, Create a table of key battles during the first half of the war.
List of military operations in the West European Theater during World War II by year Jump to — Fall Rot ("Case Red") () () — Luftwaffe support raids on Allied airbases.
Rescheduled to 1 January Wellhit () — assault on Boulogne.Download