What is chemosynthesis and where is it found

It can be contrasted with mechanosynthesis, which is a hypothetical process that involves individual molecules that are mechanically manipulated to make it possible to control specific reactions to human specifications. The dissolved chemicals, including hydrogen sulfide, methane, and reduced sulfate metals, form chimney-like structures known as black smokers.

You should realize that those ecologies that surround deep-sea vents are richer compared to those that are placed away from this chemical source, and this means that they must survive only on dead organic matters. The survival of many organisms living in the ecosystems of the world depends on the ability of other organisms to convert inorganic compounds into energy that can be used by these and other organisms.

All living organisms obtain their energy in two different ways. Extremophiles are organisms that can live in very harsh environments. Remember that the oxidation of ammonia to nitrates and nitrites is the other method that can provide some life forms with the necessary energy source. Take into account that this type of reduction requires a lot of energy, but the good news is that oxidation releases it.

Full Answer Other species that love in Yellowstone Lake are gammaproteobacteria. Microbes are extremely adaptable to harsh environment conditions and it is believed that extremophiles could be found in every unimaginable place on Earth.

Cavanaugh later managed to confirm that this was indeed the method by which the worms could thrive, and is generally credited with the discovery of chemosynthesis. The inner workings of these ecosystems have proved to be as unusual as their location, for they are powered not by the light of the sun but by the heat of the earth.

Among the organisms that can use sunlight as a source of energy include plants, algae and some species of bacteria. In photosynthesis, plants grow in sunlight, capturing solar energy to make organic matter. Conditions on the young planet at the time of the oldest fossils had much in common with the harsh conditions found at hydrothermal vents.

Chemosynthesis and Hydrothermal Vent Life

They consist of streams of hot, chemical-rich water pouring out from the ocean floor in geologically active areas, such as mid-oceanic ridges. Discovery[ edit ] Giant tube worms Riftia pachyptila have an organ containing chemosynthetic bacteria instead of a gut.

What Is Chemosynthesis ?

The giant tube worm Riftia pachyptila lives in a symbiotic relationship with sulfur-oxidizing bacteria. Most chemosynthetic bacteria live in environments where sunlight is unable to penetrate and which are considered inhospitable to most known organisms. You can analyze it either from the position of its scientific meaning or from the position of someone who defines this term.

There are many organisms called extremophiles that use it to produce food in specific environments with extreme pressure, temperature, salinity, and other conditions that are considered hostile to most organisms. Later, the term would be expanded to include also chemoorganoautotrophs, which are organisms that use organic energy substrates in order to assimilate carbon dioxide.

Other scientists are studying chemosynthetic organisms and communities to find clues in the search for extraterrestrial life.


At so-called cold-seeps, where tectonic activity squeezes mineral water out of the ground and around sea bottom petroleum deposits, methane, ammonia, and hydrogen sulfide are released.

Using chemosynthesis can reinforce the view that there are different alternative tools to create complex proteins evolved naturally, and not all of them depend on photosynthesis and chlorophyll. The oxidation of ammonia to nitrites and nitrates is another method that provides energy for some life forms.

One interesting example is the tubeworm, which starts life with a mouth and gut, which it uses to take in huge numbers of chemosynthetic bacteria.

Global Impact Deep-sea chemosynthetic bacteria are attracting the attention of a wide range of scientists interested in their commercial potential.

During chemosynthesis, bacteria use the energy derived from the chemical oxidation of inorganic compounds to produce organic molecules and water. The most extensive ecosystem based on chemosynthesis lives around undersea hot springs. The bacteria capture the energy from the sulfur and produces organic compounds for both the tube worm and the bacteria.

Their food consists of carbs, including glucose, but it requires a lot of energy to manufacture. They have various adaptations that enable them to survive, such as unusual enzymes that are not deactivated by high temperatures.

For example, in the soil, nitrifying bacteria convert ammonia into nitrites and nitrates, while methane-generating archaea can be found in marshes and swamps, in sewage and in the intestines of mammals. Chemosynthesis is the oldest way for organisms to produce food.

Chemosynthesis occurs in environments where sunlight is not able to penetrate, such as in hydrothermal vents at the bottom of the ocean, coastal sediments, volcanoes, water in caves, cold seeps in the ocean floor, terrestrial hot springs, sunken ships, and within the decayed bodies of whales, among many others.

What Is an Example of Chemosynthetic Bacteria?

Since many of these organisms live on chemicals that are toxic to humans, and release harmless byproducts, they might also be used to detoxify certain types of poisonous waste.

The organic molecules produced by phototrophs are used by other organisms known as heterotrophs, which derive their energy from phototrophs, that is to say, they use the energy from the sun, indirectly, by feeding on them, producing the organic compounds for their subsistence.Apr 09,  · During chemosynthesis, bacteria use the energy derived from the chemical oxidation of inorganic compounds to produce organic molecules and water.

This process occurs in the absence of light. the life forms that utilize this method of obtaining energy are found in places, such as soil, petroleum deposits, ice caps, lava mud, Reviews: 6.

Chemosynthesis Most life on Earth is dependent upon photosynthesis, the process by which plants make energy from sunlight. However, at hydrothermal vents in the deep ocean a unique ecosystem has evolved in the absence of sunlight, and its source of energy is completely different: chemosynthesis.

Chemosynthesis is the process by which certain type of microbes create energy by mediating chemical reactions. In Chemosynthesis differs from photosynthesis in its source of energy. It is the biological conversion of carbon source molecules like carbon dioxide and nutrients into organic matter.

Chemosynthesis is the use of energy released by inorganic chemical reactions to produce food. Chemosynthesis is at the heart of deep-sea communities, sustaining life in absolute darkness, where sunlight does not penetrate.

Chemosynthesis is the process of converting carbon in the form of carbon dioxide or methane into organic molecules, without sunlight present.

Instead, methane can be used, or hydrogen sulfide as the energy source for this reaction to proceed. Certain bacteria can do this in the aphotic zone in the sea and in other extreme environments on Earth.

Chemosynthesis is the use of energy released by inorganic chemical reactions to produce food. It is analogous to the more familiar process of photosynthesis. In photosynthesis, plants grow in sunlight, capturing solar energy to make organic matter.

What is chemosynthesis and where is it found
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